United Nations Protect, Respect and Remedy Framework 2011

United Nations ‘Protect, Respect and Remedy’ Framework 2011

General principle

These Guiding Principles are grounded in recognition of:

(a) States’ existing obligations to respect, protect and fulfil human rights and

fundamental freedoms;

(b) The role of business enterprises as specialized organs of society performing

specialized functions, required to comply with all applicable laws and to

respect human rights;

(c) The need for rights and obligations to be matched to appropriate and

effective remedies when breached.

These Guiding Principles apply to all States and to all business enterprises, both

transnational and others, regardless of their size, sector, location, ownership and


These Guiding Principles should be understood as a coherent whole and should be

read, individually and collectively, in terms of their objective of enhancing standards

and practices with regard to business and human rights so as to achieve tangible

results for affected individuals and communities, and thereby also contributing to a

socially sustainable globalization.

Nothing in these Guiding Principles should be read as creating new international

law obligations, or as limiting or undermining any legal obligations a State may

have undertaken or be subject to under international law with regard to human


These Guiding Principles should be implemented in a non-discriminatory manner,

with particular attention to the rights and needs of, as well as the challenges

faced by, individuals from groups or populations that may be at heightened risk

of becoming vulnerable or marginalized, and with due regard to the different risks

that may be faced by women and men.

For the U.N

Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights declaration